Mohs SurgeryFrequently Asked Questions

It Is Our Privilege to Serve You

It is an honor to participate in your care. Your health, safety, and comfort are paramount to us.

Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have questions after reviewing these FAQs, What is Mohs Surgery?, and the Patient Forms.

Is Dr. Dhir available to perform skin cancer screening, biopsies, and non-surgical treatment?

Of course.  We would be honored to assist you with evaluation and biopsy of suspicious lesions if not already done by your dermatologist or primary care physician.  We are also happy to perform excisions and prescribe non-surgical treatments when Mohs surgery is not needed.

What types of skin cancers are treated with Mohs surgery?

Mohs surgery is generally reserved for skin cancers occurring in more cosmetically and functionally critical areas such as the face, ears, scalp, neck, hands, feet, and shins. Larger and more aggressive cancers in non-facial locations, as well as “recurrent’ tumors (those that have failed other therapies) are also appropriate candidates for Mohs surgery. Mohs surgery is also the best approach for skin cancers that are poorly defined, arise in a scar, grow rapidly, or occur in a patient with a compromised immune system. Mohs surgery is generally not needed for thin, small cancers in non-critical locations because these can be successfully managed with simpler techniques.  Dr. Dhir is happy to assist patients with cancers qualifying for Mohs surgery, simpler excision, or non-surgical therapies.

What is the difference between Mohs surgery and other frozen sections?

In Mohs surgery, one physician functions as both surgeon and pathologist. If a physician removes a skin cancer and sends the specimen to another lab or pathologist for analysis, he or she is not performing Mohs surgery for two reasons:

  1. a single physician is not correlating the clinical and microscopic pictures for maximum accuracy, and
  2. only a small portion of the margins is examined instead of 100% of the true 3-D circumferential margin as with Mohs surgery.
Do I still need Mohs surgery if I don’t see any obvious cancer at my biopsy site?

Yes. A biopsy removes only a small portion of the top of the skin cancer for diagnostic, not therapeutic, purposes. It does not remove the skin cancer roots, which are typically wider and deeper than what appears on the surface. This is the reason why microscopic analysis and precise mapping are the cornerstones of Mohs surgery.

Why isn't radiation therapy a valid alternative to Mohs surgery?

You may have seen recent advertisements promoting superficial radiation therapy as an almost magical alternative to surgery for skin cancers.  Some companies hide the significant radiation risks behind names like "Gentle Cure".  Buyer beware.  Most skin cancers are caused by too much radiation exposure.  Therefore, it makes little sense to subject damaged skin to even more radiation for non-life-threatening tumors.  Radiation therapy has been around for nearly a century, and Mohs surgery was developed in the 1970's to provide a safer, more effective, and less costly alternative to the antiquated radiation therapy.


Will I need a referral?

Patients are often biopsied by their dermatologist, primary care physician, or other surgical subspecialist and then referred to Dr. Dhir specifically for Mohs surgery. Dr. Dhir is also available to examine suspicious lesions and perform biopsies.  Dr. Dhir is a specialist, and your insurance company may require that you secure a referral from your primary care physician before seeing a specialist. Therefore, please check with your insurance plan to determine if a referral is required. It’s also a good idea to check whether your insurance plan requires pre-certification or pre-approval for surgery with us.

Am I in good hands?

Absolutely.  Unlike many physicians performing Mohs surgery in Tucson, Dr. Dhir completed a dedicated and prestigious American College of Mohs Surgery (ACMS) accredited fellowship prior to entering private practice.  He was then the single busiest Mohs surgeon in Kentucky for many years prior to opening Arizona Mohs Surgery. He has performed over 40,000 Mohs procedures with a cure rate over 99.5% and an infection rate of only 0.2%.

Dr. Dhir is a nationally recognized expert in both Mohs surgery and facial reconstruction. Since 2003, his colleagues have repeatedly elected him to both Best Doctors in America and Castle Connolly's Top Doctors - recognitions that place Dr. Dhir in the top 4 to 7% of all U.S. board-certified physicians, respectively.

How long will it take?

Most patients spend 2 to 4 hours with us. Much of that is “downtime” where you rest comfortably while waiting on our team to prepare frozen Mohs sections and read the slides to ensure clear surgical margins. We encourage patients to bring reading materials to pass the time, and we also provide Wi-Fi access so that you may watch a movie or surf the internet on your own laptop computer, phone, or iPad. Please note that surgeries for larger, neglected, aggressive, recurrent, or mid-facial cancers may take longer, particularly if multiple stages are needed to clear the tumor and/or more advanced reconstruction is needed.

The majority of wound closures are performed in our office. Occasionally, we may need to utilize an outside surgical specialist to perform the post-Mohs reconstruction if the tumor turns out to be larger, deeper, or more complex than initially anticipated. If an outside surgical specialist is needed, the reconstruction may take place on the same day or on subsequent days. Please note that it is safe to delay the reconstruction, and that it’s possible that hospitalization may be needed for extensive reconstructions.

Will it hurt?

We numb all of our patients prior to surgery to ensure your comfort. If you are a little anxious, we can also provide a small dose of an oral sedative to help you relax (“minimal sedation”). In that case, you will need to bring a friend or family member who can drive you home and remain with you for the remainder of the day. For larger cases, we also typically prescribe a few oral narcotic tablets to keep you comfortable for the first day or two after surgery when you may be sore.

Are there specific instructions to prepare for surgery?

Yes. Preoperative instructions may be found here.

Do I need to stop my blood thinners?

It is actually safest for some patients to continue important blood thinners to minimize the risk of cardiovascular events. Fortunately, the risks of bleeding with Mohs surgery have been proven to be low even with blood thinners. In certain locations, we may ask patients to briefly discontinue blood thinners to ensure the best outcome.  In the event that an outside surgical subspecialist will be performing the post-Mohs reconstruction, we ask that you please follow his or her recommendations regarding whether to stop your blood thinners.

Will I have stitches?

In most cases, the wound is closed following successful excision of the cancer. This generally involves stitches on both the inside and outside of the wound. The stitches may dissolve on their own or require a return visit to our office in 7 to 14 days for removal. In some cases, the wound may be able to heal nicely without stitches. At the completion of surgery, we will provide you with detailed instructions on postoperative wound care depending on your reconstructive approach. A general sense of post-operative instructions can be found here.

Will I have a scar?

Yes. Any surgical treatment, including Mohs surgery, creates a scar. A scar is the body’s natural way of healing after an injury. We will do our absolute best to minimize scarring. The length of the final scar is often greater than patients expect, because skin reconstructions are typically 3 times longer than the surgical defect size to eliminate puckering of the skin that occurs during closure. Your scar will soften and fade for several months after surgery, so please be patient as your body heals. You can greatly reduce the risk of suboptimal scarring by carefully following our pre- and post-operative instructions, especially with regards to avoidance of alcohol and tobacco consumption in the peri-operative period. Meticulous wound care and minimizing strenuous activities are also very important.

Will I have restrictions after surgery?

After surgery, we ask that you return home and rest for the remainder of the day. Patients can usually shower after 1 to 2 days, but you should avoid swimming in a public pool, lake, or ocean for at least 2-3 weeks. Lighter activities and going for a walk are usually OK after 1 to 2 days, but it is important to limit strenuous physical activities, including golf, exercise, tennis, cycling, and yoga / Pilates, for 2 weeks to allow the wound to develop sufficient strength before being subjected to stretching and tension. This is very important to achieve the best possible cosmetic result which we believe is as important as curing your cancer.

Do you perform Mohs surgery for melanoma?

The majority of Mohs surgeons and dermatopathologists believe that permanent (formalin-fixed) tissue sections allow more accurate margin analysis for melanoma than Mohs frozen sections, even if additional MART-1 immunostaining is done. This is not an issue for basal and squamous cell carcinomas, where frozen sections are universally accepted and allow more efficient, same day analysis. Therefore, we follow current NCCN surgical margin guidelines which state "the gold standard for histologic assessment of excised melanoma is use of permanent sections". Our specimens are evaluated within 24 - 48 hours by a board-certified dermatopathologist. NCCN guidelines also suggest that the surgeon consider delaying closure of melanoma excisions until margin analysis has been completed if a flap or graft may be required. This means that some melanoma surgeries may require 2 or more visits to ensure maximum accuracy.

After Mohs surgery, am I at risk for additional skin cancers?

Unfortunately, yes. After having one skin cancer, statistics show that you carry a higher chance of developing another skin cancer. Therefore, it’s important to perform monthly self skin examinations and visit your referring physician for routine check-ups at least once each year. You can significantly reduce your future risk by practicing good sun protective measures and avoiding tanning beds and tobacco use. It’s never too late to develop healthier lifestyle practices because the human body has an amazing capacity for healing and regeneration.

Do you participate with my insurance plan?

Dr. Dhir and Arizona Mohs Surgery participate with Medicare and Medicaid (AHCCCS), as well as the majority of private insurance plans, including Aetna, AZ Complete Health, BCBS, Humana, and United Healthcare. Health insurance plans and contracts continually change, so we highly recommend that you contact your insurance carrier to ensure that Arizona Mohs Surgery is a contracted provider with your specific plan. We are honored to serve our military men and women in uniform via our participation in Tricare.

At present, the only main plans with whom we are NOT contracted are Banner Network, Caremore, and Cigna. We are actively working to contract with these three remaining networks.  If we are not participating providers in your commercial plan, you may still see us an out-of-network provider but this may cause you to incur higher costs depending on your insurance company’s policies. Please refer to our Financial Policy form for details regarding your financial obligations.

What forms of payment do you accept?

You may pay a bill via this website or in person. For your convenience, we accept cash, checks, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Discover, and Visa Debit cards. We do not participate in Care Credit or offer any financing or payment plans.

Mohs Surgery By the Numbers (infographic)

Mohs Surgery By the Numbers

What procedures and technology do you utilize to reduce the risk of Covid transmission?

Arizona Mohs Surgery is committed to providing the safest environment for both patients and staff. For decades, surgical facilities have been at the forefront of fastidious infection control practices due to challenges such as Hepatitis and HIV. To combat newer airborne diseases such as Covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2), we employ Global Plasma Solution’s NPBI air purification technology. This state-of-the-art system is utilized by prestigious medical institutions such as the Mayo Clinic, as well as Google, Harvard University, and the White House. Pathogen reduction testing results may be viewed here. Our six procedure rooms eliminate the typical “recovery room” utilized by many Mohs practices, where patients are placed in a communal setting while waiting on slides to be processed by the lab.

See WhatOur Clients Are Saying

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Just a note to thank you for being so diligent in your pursuit of skin cancer. Because you caution 'on the safe side', you were able to detect my basal cell (carcinoma) very early. I also want to thank you for referring me to Dr.  Dhir. He was a dear! Thanks again for your care!

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People like you make the world a brighter place! Everyone that I've met at your office has been so very nice and kind. I just want you to know that I sincerely appreciate all of you! Thank you so very much.

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Thank you for being so great when I was there!

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The word "courteous" carries an image by which I can think of my happy experience. I was treated as if I were a royal personage, an honored guest at the court of a king. The king’s royal physician performed the surgery! Please accept my thanks, Dr. Anir Dhir, for this memorable experience.

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I have worked at a hospital for ten years so I have a real insight to health care facilities. The minute I walked in your door for surgery, the better I felt. I would rate my experience with your staff as outstanding. The people who work at your facility are very good at what they do. I was treated by smiling, friendly faces who loved their job and love their patients. The whole staff were very professional but most importantly were very concerned and caring towards me as their patient.

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Thank you so much for your excellent surgery. The friendliness of your staff and you made the surgery very easy and relaxed for me, and I do appreciate it.

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Thank you for all your help. I also wanted to compliment you on your kindness and great attention to detail. You always make time to talk and made me feel at ease through a tense procedure. I have been to many doctors in my life and would rate you as the best I have ever known. Your attentiveness, compassion, and ability are without any possible reproach. I can actually say I looked forward to my doctor visits rather than avoided them. I wish you continued success.  Thank you truly.

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Thank you so much for your excellent medical care, and the special kindness given to us by the office staff.

—MJ and LAJ
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Thank you for your thoughtfulness and compassion from the moment we met.  I am very fortunate to have you as my Doctor and Surgeon.

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I just wanted to drop you a line to tell you how happy I am concerning the care you gave me.  I tend to be quite critical of everything from medical service to cereal box design.  I even rate things on the traditional A to F scale.  I have never rated anything an A plus but Mohs broke through!